19th May Current Affairs 2019
Daily GK Updates & Current Affairs for Government Exams
Worlds first living organism with fully redesigned DNA created
19 May 2019 Current Affairs: In a two-year effort, researchers at the Medical Research Council’s Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge read and redesigned the DNA of the bacterium Escherichia coli (E coli), before creating cells with a synthetic version of the altered genome.
The artificial genome holds 4m base pairs, the units of the genetic code spelled out by the letters G, A, T and C.
Printed in full on A4 sheets, it runs to 970 pages, making the genome the largest by far that scientists have ever built.
The DNA coiled up inside a cell holds the instructions it needs to function. When the cell needs more protein to grow, for example, it reads the DNA that encodes the right protein. The DNA letters are read in trios called codons, such as TCG and TCA.
In 2010, US scientists announced the creation of the world’s first organism with a synthetic genome. The bug, Mycoplasma mycoides, has a smaller genome than E coli – about 1m base pairs – and was not radically redesigned.
Global Drugs Survey says Indians lead world in seeking help to reduce drugs intake
19 May 2019 Current Affairs: The Global Drugs Survey, a survey of recreational drug use for the first time polled respondents from India, has found that more than any other nationalities, Indians are seeking help to reduce their alcohol intake which reflects an awareness of abuse.
The survey says: Alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis were the most common stimulants used by Indians.
Of the nearly 1,00,000 respondents from 30 countries, Indians reported being drunk on an average of 41 times in the last 12 months, behind the U.K., the U.S., Canada, Australia, and Denmark in that order but well above the global average of 33 times.
About 6% of the female Indians surveyed reported seeking emergency medical treatment in the last 12 months. The global female average was about 13%. The Indians surveyed were mostly male and 25-34 years of age.
Virat Kohli becomes first cricketer with 100 million social media followers
19 May 2019 Current Affairs: Virat Kohli is the first cricketer in the world ever to break into the 100 million category for followers on social media. Virat Kohli has Facebook (37.1 million), Twitter (29.4 million) and Instagram (33.5 million) to his name.
Football giant from Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo is the most popular sportsperson on the social media with 77 million followers on Twitter, 122 million followers on Facebook and 166 million followers on Instagram.
Brazil star striker Neymar Jr is the second most popular sportsperson on micro-blogging site Twitter with 43 million followers.
Argentina legend Lionel Messi – who plays for Barcelona in Spanish La Liga – follows Ronaldo on Facebook with 89 million followers.
Sachin Tendulkar has 14.7 million followers on Twitter while MS Dhoni is third on the list with 13 million followers.
Kohli is the third Indian after Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Priyanka Chopra to have over 100 million followers on social media.
Pramod Kumar Mishra was awarded the Sasakawa Award
19 May 2019 Current Affairs: United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) has awarded the Sasakawa Award 2019 for Disaster Risk Reduction to Pramod Kumar Mishra. The award recognized his dedication to improving the resilience of communities most exposed to disasters. He is currently serving as Additional Principal Secretary to Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi. The theme of the 2019 Sasakawa award was Building Inclusive and Resilient Societies
USD 10 million on offer in ICC World Cup, winner to earn 4 million
19 May 2019 Current Affairs: The winners of the upcoming ICC men’s World Cup will earn a cash award of USD 4 million, the highest prize money on offer in the history of the tournament.
The winners of the 10-team tournament will also get a trophy that they will lift at the historic Lord’s on July 16.
The total prize pot of USD 10 million will see the runners-up take home USD 2 million and the losing semifinalists USD 800,000 each at the end of the 46-day tournament being played across 11 venues in UK from May 30.
There are prizes for each league match won, in what promises to be a competitive tournament with the world’s best teams playing each other in a round-robin format.
Taj, Singapore sign 4,000 cr partnership to buy hotels in India
19 May 2019 Current Affairs: Indian Hotels Company, which runs hotels under Taj, Vivanta and Ginger brands partnered with Singapore’s wealth fund GIC to invest ₹4,000 crore for buying hotels in India. The equity contribution of Indian Hotels in the acquisitions will be 30% and GIC’s will be 70%. The partners will acquire fully-operational hotels mainly in the luxury, upper scale and upscale segments