18th May Current Affairs 2019
Daily GK Updates & Current Affairs for Government Exams
World AIDS Vaccine Day is celebrated on 18th May
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: May 18 is celebrated as World AIDS Vaccine Day, also known as HIV Vaccine Awareness Day. On this day, HIV vaccine advocates promote the continued urgent need for a vaccine to prevent HIV infection and AIDS. World AIDS Vaccine Day observance is headed by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID).
This day provides a chance to thank several volunteers, community members, health professionals and scientists those who are working and researching to find a safe and effective HIV vaccine for prevention.
HIV research also includes efforts to develop a vaccine for HIV treatment (called a therapeutic vaccine). A safe and effective therapeutic HIV vaccine could prevent HIV from advancing to AIDS, replace daily use of HIV medicines, and help eliminate HIV from the body.
International Museum Day is observed on 18th May
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: International Museum Day (IMD) is an international day that is celebrated on 18th May every year. It is coordinated by the International Council of Museums (ICOM). The objective of International Museum Day (IMD) is to raise awareness of the fact that, Museums are an important means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples. The theme for International Museum Day (IMD) 2019 is Museums as Cultural Hubs: The future of tradition.
India finds fault in OECD that ranks countries based on their services trade policies
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: India has found problems with the current method under which the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) ranks countries based on their services trade policies, indicating the outcomes are biased and counter-intuitive.
Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): STRI was launched in 2014.
STRI is computed by the OECD. It ranks countries based on their service trade policies. The ranking for 2018 for a total of 45 economies, among them 36 are OECD and the rest non-OECD, and 22 sectors are available.
Ujjivan Small Finance Bank appointed Nitin Chugh as MD and CEO
Ujjivan Small Finance Bank appointed Nitin Chugh as its Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) for a period of 3 years from December 1, 2019. The present MD and CEO Samit Ghosh’s tenure will end on November 30, 2019. Currently, Nitin Chugh is Group Head of Digital Banking of HDFC Bank.
Kerala State to go paperless under E Vidhan initiative
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: The Kerala State Assembly is undertaking E-Vidhan, an initiative to digitize all records. The first phase of the project is expected to be completed in 14 months. The project is expected to cost around Rs.40 crore.
Once the project is completed, all the Assembly proceedings like submission of notice by a member, question and answers, and all the other correspondence and business concerning the Assembly will go paperless.
Indian Navy conducted missile tests to boost its anti air warfare capabilities
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: The Indian Navy conducted significant missile tests boosting its anti-air warfare capabilities. The first cooperative engagement firing of the Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) or Barak-8 was held on the Western Seaboard.
The firing was undertaken on the western seaboard by the INS Kochi and the INS Chennai wherein the missiles of both ships were controlled by one ship to intercept different aerial targets at extended ranges. Interestingly, one of the ships controlled the complete mission through its automated data links. The firing trials were carried out by Indian Navy, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).
This was achieved by network-centric operations that helped to combine the capabilities of all military platforms in a formation. The MRSAMs are fitted onboard the Kolkata Class Destroyers. These would also be fitted on all future major warships of the Indian Navy.
CTBTO offered India an Observer status and an access to IMS data
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: CTBTO (The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation) offered India an ‘Observer‘ status and an access to International Monitoring System (IMS) data.
CTBT is a global treaty that runs IMS which constantly monitors the Earth for nuclear explosions and shares evaluative findings with its member states. CTBTO’s headquarters is in Vienna, Austria. Currently, IMS has 337 facilities, located in 89 nations.
In 1996, CTBT was opened for signature after being adopted by the UN General Assembly. India wants CTBT to have a clause on complete nuclear disarmament and didn’t yet sign the treaty as CTBT favours 5 nuclear weapon states, namely, China, US, Russia, France and UK. Pakistan also did not sign the treaty but joined CTBTO as an observer.
Twenty Sixth edition of Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise titled SIMBEX were held in Singapore
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: INS Kolkata Designed and built in India, it is an advanced stealth destroyer capable of engaging multiple threats from the air, sea and underwater and INS Shakti is a fleet support ship that provides fuel, provisions and munitions to warships at sea the 2 warships of the Indian Navy participated in a 3-day Asia Pacific naval and maritime event titled the International Maritime Defence Exhibition Asia (IMDEX Asia-2019) (it commenced on May 14, 2019) held in Changi Exhibition Centre, Singapore.
Some of India’s leading engineering and ship building firms, including Larsen & Toubro and BrahMos participated in it. Deputy Chief of Naval Staff, Vice-Admiral M S Pawar, led the delegation to the Asia Pacific gathering of the event. After IMDEX, Indian Naval ships together with an Indian Navy surveillance aircraft P8I have participated in the 26th edition of Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise (SIMBEX).
SIMBEX scheduled from 16th May 2019 to 22th May 2019, is the longest uninterrupted naval exercise that India has with any other nation. The 25th edition SIMBEX took place in the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal from 11th November to 21st November 2018.
It was witnessed by Singapore’s Minister of Defence, Dr Ng Eng Hen. Thus this 26th edition of SIMBEX is taking place 6 months after the last edition.
Sourav Ganguly and Sanjay Manjrekar inducted in ICC commentary panel for World Cup 2019
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: Former Indian cricketers Sourav Ganguly and Sanjay Manjrekar are inducted into the International Cricket Council’s (ICC) commentary panel for World Cup 2019. World Cup 2019 will begin from May 30, 2019 in England and Wales.
The debut commentary will be made by Michael Clarke, former Australian batsman, who was the captain of the 2015 World Cup winning team and Nasser Hussain, Ian Bishop, Kumar Sangakkara, Michael Atherton, Brendon McCullum, Graeme Smith and Wasim Akram are also the part of panel.
Other commentrators of the tournament are Shaun Pollock, Michael Slater, Mark Nicholas, Michael Holding, Isa Guha, Pommie Mbangwa, Harsha Bhogle, Simon Doull, Ian Smith, Ramiz Raja, Athar Ali Khan, and Ian Ward.
India-Botswana Foreign Office Consultations held in New Delhi
18 May 2019 Current Affairs: The 3rd round of Foreign Office Consultations between India and Botswana was held in New Delhi on 15th May, 2019. Indian delegation was led by Neena Malhotra, Joint Secretary (East and Southern Africa) and the Botswana delegation led by Tapiwa Mongwa, Deputy Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of International Affairs and Cooperation.
The purpose of the Foreign Office Consultation is to review bilateral relation which includes political, economic, commercial, defence, consular and international cooperation related to United Nations.
They have also discussed the strategy to further strengthen the existing friendly relations by way of expanding cooperation in development projects. Botswana government had also decided to join the International Solar Alliance (ISA).