Current Affairs 2019
Daily GK Updates & Current Affairs for Government Exams
18 April 2019 Current Affairs
First Earth-Size planet: HD 21749b discovered by NASAs TESS Exoplanet Mission
The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) discovered an Earth-sized planet, HD 21749b and a “sub-Neptune” world, revolving around the star, HD 21749. The star lies 53 light-years from Earth.
The research study has been published on 15th April, 2019 in ‘The Astrophysical Journal Letters’.
TESS was launched to Earth orbit in April 2018 on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. One tool termed as ‘Planet Finder Spectrograph’ (PFS) on the ‘Magellan II telescope’ in Chile helped to confirm the planetary nature of the TESS signal and measure the mass of HD 21749b.
HD 21749b is about 23 times heavier and 2.7 times wider than Earth. It is gaseous, has a substantial atmosphere but not as puffy as Uranus and Neptune. HD 21749b has an orbital period of 36 Earth days.
FIFA ban former Brazilian football president Jose Maria Marin for life
Former Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) president Jose Maria Marin has been banned for life from all football activities by FIFA. In August 2018, Marin who led Brazil’s organising committee for the 2014 World Cup, was sentenced to four years in prison for racketeering, money laundering and wire fraud. He became the first person to be imprisoned as the result of the US investigation into corruption at world football’s governing body
Jet Airways sought Rs.400 crore infusion to avert shutdown
The Jet Airways board authorised its management, headed by chief executive officer Vinay Dube, to engage with lenders to secure at least a few hundred crore rupees of interim funding to continue operations till a new owner comes on board. The board also authorised the CEO to take the final call on the airline’s operations. Armed with this, the CEO approached the lenders to release Rs.400 crore for the sake of the employees and to prevent a shutdown.
Mount Everest get an eco friendly toilet
Mount Everest is to get an “eco-friendly” toilet at a Chinese campsite 7,028 metres (23,058 feet) above sea level in an ongoing campaign to deal with the peak’s waste problem. Decades of commercial mountaineering have turned Mount Everest into the world’s highest rubbish dump.
Indian Navy-Vietnam People’s Navy Bilateral Exercise Concludes
The Indian Navy undertook the second edition of the bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and Vietnam Peoples’ Navy, (IN – VPN BILAT EX) at/ off Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam. The exercise was undertaken as a part of the ongoing Overseas Deployment of Eastern Fleet ships to South East Asian countries.
IDRBT set up 5G Lab for Banking, Financial Sector
Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology (IDRBT) launched the 5G Use Cases Lab for banking and financial sector along with blockchain technology.
IDRBT is an arm of Reserve Bank of India. It also released a white paper on 5G applications for banking and financial sector in India.
The use of 5G will change a range of technologies and applications, including point of sale (PoS) machines in the banking sector, which are currently using 2G and are in the process of being phased out.
Since India is now the biggest user of mobile data in the world and the rates of devices and services have been dropping aggressively, 5G holds immense potential for the country.
SpaceX to fly its DART planetary defence mission
NASA announced that SpaceX will fly its Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) planetary-defence mission. The total launch cost for NASA is estimated to be about $69 million.
What is DART?
DART – Double Asteroid Redirection Test
It is a planned space probe that will demonstrate the kinetic effects of crashing an impactor spacecraft into an asteroid moon for planetary defense purposes. The mission is intended to test whether a spacecraft impact could successfully deflect an asteroid on a collision course with Earth.
IDBI Bank launched paperless account opening facility for NRIs
IDBI Bank has launched the ‘NRI-Insta-Online’ account-opening process for NRIs residing in Financial Action Task Force (FATF) member countries. The person will not be required to furnish physical documents and KYC proofs for opening an account with the IDBI bank.
redBus appoints Mahendra Singh Dhoni as brand ambassador
Bus ticketing platform redBus has appointed cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni as its brand ambassador. The cricketer will appear in a hockey player avatar in his first cameo for the brand, slated to be launched soon.
Dhoni’s brand endorsement deals can be in the range of ₹ 3-10 crore.
At present, Dhoni is the brand ambassador of sports firm Dream11, Colgate, MasterCard, Orient Fans, BharatMatrimony, Indigo Paints, SRMB Steel, and health supplement brand Revital H. Recently, Fantasy sports platform HalaPlay Technologies has appointed cricketers Krunal and Hardik Pandya as its brand ambassadors
Mithali Raj named goodwill ambassador of Team India at the Street Child Cricket World Cup
Indian women’s cricket team captain Mithali Raj has been named the goodwill ambassador of Team India at the Street Child Cricket World Cup (SCCWC). She, alongside Saurav Ganguly and Rajasthan Royals, joins in supporting the team as they gear up for the final match at Lords, just ahead of the ICC Cricket World Cup in May this year. India has over 20 lakh street connected children.